On Perfect and Quasiperfect Dominations in Graphs

José Cáceres, Carmen Hernando, Mercè Mora, Ignacio M. Pelayo, María Luz Puertas


A subset $S\subseteq V$ in a graph $G=(V,E)$ is a $k$-quasiperfect dominating set (for $k\geq 1$) if every vertex not in $S$ is adjacent to at least one and at most $k$ vertices in $S$. The cardinality of a minimum $k$-quasiperfect dominating set in $G$ is denoted by $\gamma_ {\stackrel{}{1k}}(G)$. Those sets were first introduced by Chellali et al. (2013) as a generalization of the perfect domination concept and allow us to construct a decreasing chain of quasiperfect dominating numbers $ n \ge \gamma_ {\stackrel{}{11}}(G) \ge \gamma_ {\stackrel{}{12}}(G)\ge \ldots \ge \gamma_ {\stackrel{}{1\Delta}}(G)=\gamma(G)$ in order to indicate how far is $G$ from being perfectly dominated. In this paper we study properties, existence and realization of graphs for which the chain is short, that is, $\gamma_ {\stackrel{}{12}}(G)=\gamma (G)$. Among them, one can find cographs, claw-free graphs and graphs with extremal values of $\Delta(G)$.

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