Maternal effect of continuous light on seed properties in a short day plant Chenopodium rubrum L. (Chenopodiaceae)

Aleksandra Mitrović, Jelena Bogdanović Pristov


Environmental effects on morphological and physiological properties of offspring which occurs during development of mother plant are called maternal environmental effects. Photoperiod is one of the crucial environmental factors according to which plants modify numerous physiological processes. Maternal effect of photoperiod in a short day plant Chenopodium rubrum extends through the whole life cycle of offspring and persist to the second generation, photoperiod during induction and evocation of flowering of mother plants showing the key influence. Here we show that also non-inductive photoperiod preceding flowering induction of mother plants shows its maternal effect on offspring properties: seed size, seed germination and seed protein composition. Presented data argues in favor of earlier suggested that relative amounts of seed proteins represent an “archive“ of photoperiods experienced by mother plants during their lives.

Full Text:



Bertero, H.D., King, R.W., Hall, A.J. 1999: Photoperiod-sensitive development phases in quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.). Field Crops Research, 60: 231-243.

Bradford, M.M. 1976: A rapid and sensitive method for the quantification of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principles of protein-dye binding. Analitical Biochemistry, 72: 248-254.

Cook, R.E. 1975: The photoinductive control of seed weight in Chenopodium rubrum L. American Journal of Botany, 62: 427-431.

Cumming, B.G. 1967. Early flowering plants. In: F.H. Will and N.K. Wesselss, Thomas Y. Cromwell, (eds.), Methods in developmental biology: 277-299, New York.

Galloway, L.F. 2005: Maternal effects provide phenotipic adaptation to local environmental conditions. New Phytologist, 166: 93-100.

Gutterman, Y., Evenari, M. 1972: The influence of day length on seed coat colour, an index of water permeability of the desert annual Ononis sicula Guss. The Journal of Ecology, 60: 713–719.

Gutterman, Y. 1978: Germinability of seeds as a function of the maternal environment. Acta Horticulturae, 83: 49-56.

Krekule, J., Seidlova, J. 1976: Effects of exogenous cytokinins on flowering of the short-day plant Chenopodium rubrum L. Biologia Plantarum, 18: 142-149.

Lacey, E.P., Smith, S., Case, A.L. 1997: Parental effects on seed mass: seed coat but not embryo/endosperm effects. American Journal of Botany, 84: 1617-1620.

Mitrović A, Giba Z., Ćulafić Lj. 2007: The photoperiodic control of growth and development of Chenopodium rubrum L. plants in vitro. Archives of Biological Sciences, 59: 203-208.

Mitrović, A., Bogdanović, J. 2008: Activities of antioxidative enzymes during Chenopodium rubrum L. ontogenesis in vitro. Archives of Biological Sciences, 60: 223-231.

Mitrović, A., Bogdanović, J., Giba, Z., Ćulafić, Lj. 2010: Effect of photoperiod during growth of Chenopodium rubrum mother plants on properties of offspring. Biologia Plantarum, 54: 735-739.

Murashige, T., Skoog, F. 1962: A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue cultures. Physiologia Plantarum, 15: 473-497.

Prego, I., Maldonado, S., Otegui, M. 1998: Seed structure and localization of reserves in Chenopodium quinoa. Annals of Botany, 82: 481-488.

Schuler, M.S, Orrock, J.L. 2012: The maladaptive significance of maternal effects for plants in anthropogenically modified environments. Evolutionary Ecology, 26:475–481.

Seidlová, F., Opatrná, J. 1978: Change of growth correlation in the shoot meristem as the cause of dependance of flowering. Zeitschrift fur Planzenphysiologie, 89: 377-392.

Steinger, T.B. 2000: Maternal and direct effects of elevated CO2 on seed provisioning, germination and seedling growth in Bromus erectus. Oecologia, 123: 475-480.

Straton, D.A. 1989: Competition prolongs expression of matenal effects in seedlings of Erigeron annuus (Asteraceae). American Journal of Botany, 76: 1646-1653.

Sysoeva, M., Markovskaya, E. F., Shibaeva, T.G. 2010: Plants under continuous light: A review. Plant Stress, 4: 5-17.

Tsuchiya, T., Ishiguri, Y. 1981: Role of the quality of light in the photoperiodic flowering response in four latitudinal ecotypes of Chenopodium rubrum L. Plant and Cell Physiology, 22: 525-532.

Živanović, B., Ćulafić, Lj., Filipović, A. 1995: The effects of hormones and saccharides on growth and flowering of green and herbicides-treated Chenopodium rubrum L. plants. Biologia Plantarum, 37: 257-264.


  • There are currently no refbacks.