Rational averaged Gauss quadrature rules

Lothar Reichel, Miodrag Spalević, Jelena Tomanović


It is important to be able to estimate the quadrature error in Gauss rules. Several approaches have been developed, including the evaluation of associated Gauss-Kronrod rules (if they exist), or the associated averaged Gauss and generalized averaged Gauss rules. Integrals with certain integrands can be approximated more accurately by rational Gauss rules than by Gauss rules. This paper introduces associated rational averaged Gauss rules and rational generalized averaged Gauss rules, which can be used to estimate the error in rational Gauss rules. Also rational Gauss-Kronrod rules are discussed. Computed examples illustrate the accuracy of the error estimates determined by these quadrature rules.


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