Comparative morpho-anatomical analysis of Gagea pratensis (Pers.) Dumort. (Liliaceae) from Serbia and Montenegro

Jovana Stojanović, Irena Raca, Jelena Jevtić, Marina Jušković, Vladimir Ranđelović


In this study, morphological and anatomical properties of species Gagea pratensis (Pers.) Dumort. were investigated and described. The comparative analysis included six populations from Serbia and Montenegro (Balkan Peninsula). This study aimed to examine potential morpho-anatomical differentiation and the characters that contribute most to the differences between populations. Statistical analyses were carried out for 19 morphological and 5 anatomical characters of 122 specimens using program STATISTICA 7, including the analysis of variance (ANOVA), principal component (PCA) and discriminant analysis (CDA). Analysis of variance showed that almost all investigated characters are statistically significant for differentiation of analysed populations. According to the principal component analysis characters that contributed the most to the separation of populations were height of the whole plant, bulb width, width and length of basal leaf, width and indumentum type of peduncle, length of first cauline leaf, width and length of second cauline leaf, and width of outer and inner segments of perigone. The results of discriminant analysis showed the existence of morpho-anatomical differentiation between analysed populations, separating the population from locality Gamzigradska banja from all other populations.


Gagea pratensis; morphology; anatomy; variability; differentiation

Full Text:



Ajani, Y., Noroozi, J., Levichev, I. G. 2010: Gagea alexii (Liliaceae), a new record from subnival zone of southern Iran with key and notes on sect. Incrustatae. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42: 67-77.

Akyol, Y., Kocabas, O., Yetisen, K. 2015: Morphological and anatomical investigations of some Gagea Salisb. species (Liliaceae) in Turkey. Journal of Biological Research and Development, 5(1): 1-10.

Diklić, N. 1975: Gagea Salisb. In: Josifović, M. (ed.), Flora Srbije, 7: 515–522, Srpska Akademija Nauka i Umetnosti, Beograd.

Gligorijević, S., Pejčinović, D. 1983: Contribution to the Methodology of Anatomical Sections and preparation. Acta biologiae et medicinae experimentalis, 8: 43-45.

Grossheim, A. A. 1935: Gagea. In: Komarov, V. L. (ed.), Flora USSR, 4: 61–112, Botanical Institute, Leningrad.

Hamzaoğlu, E., Budak, Ü., Aksoy, A. 2008: A new species of Gagea Salisb.(Liliaceae) from Sivas (Central Anatolia, Turkey). Turkish Journal of Botany, 32(4): 261-264.

Heyn, C.H., Dafni, A. 1977: Studies in the genus Gagea (Liliaceae) II. The non-latyspermous species from the Galilee, the Golan Heights and Mt Hermon. Israel Journal of Botany 26: 11– 22.

Jakab, G., Molnár, A. 2011: First record of Gagea szovitsii in Central Europe. Biologia, 66(3): 433-438.

Levichev, I. G. 1999a: Phytogeographical analysis of the genus Gagea Salisb. (Liliaceae). Komarovia, 1: 45-57.

Levichev, I. G. 1999b: The morphology of Gagea Salisb.(Liliaceae) I. Subterranean organs. Flora, 194(4): 379-392.

Levichev, I.G. 2001: New species of the genus Gagea Salisb. (Liliaceae) from western regions of Asia. Turczaninowia, 4(1-2): 5-35.

Levichev, I. G. 2006: Four new species of the genus Gagea Salisb.(Liliaceae) from Western Himalayas and the adjoining regions. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 38(1): 47.

Levichev, I. G. 2013: Structural features of shoots in Lloydia, Gagea, Kharkevichia (Liliaceae) as evolutionary variability of the modules of mesome nature in monocotyledons. Botanicheskii Zhurnal, 98(4): 409-452.

Levichev, I. G., Jang, C. G., Oh, S. H., Lazkov, G. A. 2019: A new species of genus Gagea Salisb. (Liliaceae) from Kyrgyz Republic (Western Tian Shan, Chatkal Range, Sary-Chelek Nature Reserve). Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity, 12(2): 341-343.

Peruzzi, L. 2011: Nomenclatural novelties at sectional level in Gagea (Liliaceae). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, serie B, 118: 23–24.

Peruzzi, L., Bartolucci, F., Frignani, F., Minutillo, F. 2007: Gagea tisoniana, a new species of Gagea Salisb. sect. Gagea (Liliaceae) from central Italy. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 155(3): 337-347.

Peruzzi, L., Caparelli, K. F. 2007: Gagea peduncularis (J. & C. Presl) Pascher (Liliaceae) new for the Italian flora. Webbia, 62(2): 261-268.

Peruzzi, L., Peterson, A., Tison, J. M., Peterson, J. 2008a: Phylogenetic relationships of Gagea Salisb.(Liliaceae) in Italy, inferred from molecular and morphological data matrices. Plant systematics and evolution, 276(3-4): 219-234.

Peruzzi, L., Tison, J. M., Peterson, A., Peterson, J. 2008b: On the phylogenetic position and taxonomic value of Gagea trinervia (Viv.) Greuter and Gagea sect. Anthericoides A. Terracc.(Liliaceae). Taxon, 57(4): 1201-1214.

Peruzzi, L., Peterson, A., Tison, J. M., Harpke, D. 2011: New light on phylogeny and taxonomy of the Eurasian Gagea villosa–G. fragifera complex (Liliaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany, 29(6): 722-733.

Peterson, A., Levichev, I. G., Peterson, J. 2008: Systematics of Gagea and Lloydia (Liliaceae) and infrageneric classification of Gagea based on molecular and morphological data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 46(2): 446-465.

Peterson, A., Harpke, D., Levichev, I. G., Beisenova, S., Schnittler, M., Peterson, J. (2016): Morphological and molecular investigations of Gagea (Liliaceae) in southeastern Kazakhstan with special reference to putative altitudinal hybrid zones. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 302(8): 985-1007.

Rix, E. M., Woods, R. G. 1981: Gagea bohemica (Zauschner) JA & JH Schultes in the British Isles, and a general review of the G. bohemica species complex. Watsonia, 13: 265-270.

Wörz, A., Hohmann, N., Thiv, M. 2012: Morphological and molecular diversity of some populations of Gagea (Liliaceae) in Southwest Germany. Stuttgarter Beitr Naturk A, Neue Serie, 5: 1-11.

Zarrei, M., Zarre, S. 2003: A new species of Gagea (Liliaceae) from Iran. Nordic Journal of Botany, 23(3): 269-274.

Zarrei, M., Zarre, S., Wilkin, P., Rix, M. 2007: Systematic revision of the genus Gagea Salisb. (Liliaceae) in Iran. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 154(4): 559-588.

Zarrei, M., Wilkin, P., Ingrouille, M., Chase, M. W. 2010a: Gagea calcicola (Liliaceae), a new species from southwestern Iran. Kew Bulletin, 65(1): 89-96.

Zarrei, M., Wilkin, P., Ingrouille, M. J., Chase, M. W. 2010b: Gagea robusta (Liliaceae), a new species from Flora Iranica area. Kew Bulletin, 65(2): 327-336.

Zarrei, M., Wilkin, P., Ingrouille, M. J., Zarre, S., Chase, M. W. 2010c: The systematic importance of anatomical data in Gagea (Liliaceae) from the Flora Iranica area. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 164(2): 155-177.

Zarrei, M., Wilkin, P., Noltie, H. J., Ingrouille, M. J., Chase, M. W. 2011: Clarifying the nomenclature and taxonomy of Gagea kunawurensis (Royle) Greuter (Liliaceae) and allied taxa. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, 68(1): 43-59.


  • There are currently no refbacks.