Comparative anatomical study of the taxa from series Verni Mathew (Crocus L.) in Serbia

Irena Ljuan Raca, Irena Ljubisavljević, Marina Jušković, Novica Ranđelović, Vladimir Ranđelović


The comparative leaf anatomy of three Crocus L. taxa from series Verni Mathew (Crocus heuffelianus Herb., Crocus tommasinianus Herbert and Crocus kosaninii Pulević) in Serbia is introduced. The general outlook of the cross sections of the leaves was defined with microphotographs. More precisely, leaf shape, leaf surface, mesophyll parenchyma and vascular bundle features were examined. The biggest differences were found at the level of vascular bundles (xylem area, phloem area, sclerenchyma area) and leaf blade features (section height, section length, arm length, white stripe width, lacuna area). In general, listed parameters had the lowest values in C. tommasinianus population, while the highest values could be found in population of C. heuffelianus. Further investigations should be focused on discovering more localities followed by surveying the ecological factors of the habitats.


Crocus, series Verni, cross section, leaf

Full Text:



Akan, H., Eker, I., Satil, F. 2007: The morphological and anatomical properties of endemic Crocus leichtlinii D. Dewar Bowles (Iridaceae) in Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 39 (3): 711-718.

Akyol, Y., Durmuskahya, C., Kocabaş, O., Pekönür, S., Özdemir, C. 2014: The morphological and anatomical investigation of two endemic Crocus L. (Iridaceae) species of Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 46 (3): 833-839.

Akyol, Y., Yetişen, K., Özdemir, C., Bozdağ, B., Kocabaş, O. 2012: The Morphological and Anatomical Studies on Crocus biflorus Miller subsp. tauri (Maw) Mathew (Iridaceae) in Turkey. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, 2 (ek: a): 15-20.

Candan, F. 2015: Comparative Morphological and Leaf Anatomical Investigations of Crocus flavus Weston from Turkey. International Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 3 (3): 99-104.

Candan, F. 2015: Morphological and Leaf Anatomical Investigations on 2 Yellow Flowered Endemic Taxa of Crocus L. (Crocus ancyrensis, Crocus siehenaus) from Turkey. International Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 3 (3): 93-98.

Erol, O., Küçüker, O. 2007: Leaf Anatomy of Some Endemic Crocus L. (Iridaceae) Taxa from Western Anatolia. International Journal of Botany, 3 (3): 290-295.

Gligorijević, S. & Pejčinović, D. 1983: Contribution to the Methodology of Anatomical Sections Preparation . Acta Biol. Med. Exp. 8, 43-45.

Kandemir, N. 2009: Morphology, anatomy and ecology of critically endangered endemic Crocus pestalozzae Boiss. (Iridaceae) in North-West Turkey, 38 (2): 127-132.

Kandemir, N. 2010: A morphological and anatomical investigation about two rare and endemic Crocus taxa (Iridaceae) from Southern Anatolia. EurAsian Journal of BioSciences, 4: 54- 62.

Kandemir, N. 2011: Comparative leaf anatomy of some endemic Crocus L. taxa from Turkey. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 40 (2): 155-162.

Kandemir, N., Çelik, A., Yayla, F. 2012: Comparative anatomic and ecologic investigation on some endemic Crocus taxa (Iridaceae) in Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 44 (3): 1065-1074.

Mathew, B. 1982: The Crocus. A Revision of the Genus Crocus (Iridaceae). Batsford Ltd, London.

Özdemir, C., Akyol, Y., Yetişen, K., Bozdağ, B., Kocabaş, O. 2013: Morphological and Anatomical Study on Crocus chrysanthus (Herbert) Herbert (Iridaceae). Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, 3 (1): 25-30.

Özdemir, C., Akyol, Y., Alçitepe, E. 2014: Morphological and anatomical studies on two endemic Crocus species of Turkey area. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 36 (1): 103-113.

Ranđelović, N., Hill, D. A., Ranđelović, V. 1990: The genus Crocus L. in Serbia. The Serbian Academy of sciences and arts, Belgrade.

Rudall, P. 1990: Leaf Anatomy in Crocus (Iridaceae). Kew Bulletin, 45 (3): 535-544.

Satil, F., Selami, S. 2007: An anatomical and ecological study of some Crocus L. taxa (Iridaceae) from the west part of

Turkey. Acta Botanica Croatica, 66 (1): 25-33.

Yetişen, K., Şen, U., Yıldırım, T., Özdemir, C. 2013: Morphological and anatomical study on endemic Crocus olivieri Gay subsp. istanbulensis Mathew subspecies (Iridaceae). Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology-C Life Sciences and Biotechnology, 3 (1): 31-37.


  • There are currently no refbacks.