### On $\mathcal{I}$-covering images of metric spaces

#### Abstract

Let $\mathcal{I}$ be an ideal on $\mathbb{N}$. A mapping $f:X\to Y$ is called an $\mathcal{I}$-covering mapping provided a sequence $\{y_{n}\}_{n\in\mathbb N}$ is $\mathcal{I}$-converging to a point $y$ in $Y$, there is a sequence $\{x_{n}\}_{n\in\mathbb N}$ converging to a point $x$ in $X$ satisfying $x\in f^{-1}(y)$ and each $x_n\in f^{-1}(y_n)$. In this paper we study spaces with certain $\mathcal{I}$-$cs$-networks and investigate the characterization of the images of metric spaces under certain $\mathcal{I}$-covering mappings, which prompts us to discover $\mathcal{I}$-$csf$-networks. The following main results are obtained:

(1) A space $X$ has an $\mathcal{I}$-$csf$-network if and only if $X$ is a continuous and $\mathcal{I}$-covering image of a metric space.

(2) A space $X$ is an $\mathcal{I}$-$csf$-countable space if and only if $X$ is a continuous $\mathcal{I}$-covering and boundary $s$-image of a metric space.

(3) A space $X$ has a point-countable $\mathcal{I}$-$cs$-network if and only if $X$ is a continuous $\mathcal{I}$-covering and $s$-image of a metric space.

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