Permutability degrees of finite groups

Francesco G. Russo, Daniele Ettore Otera


Given a finite group $G$, we introduce the \textit{permutability
degree} of $G$, as $pd(G)=\frac{1}{|G| \ |\mathcal{L}(G)|}
{\underset{X \in \mathcal{L}(G)}\sum}|P_G(X)|$, where
$\mathcal{L}(G)$ is the subgroup lattice of $G$ and $P_G(X)$ the
permutizer of the subgroup $X$ in $G$, that is, the subgroup
generated by all cyclic subgroups of $G$ that permute with $X\in
\mathcal{L}(G)$. The number $pd(G)$ allows us to find some
structural restrictions on $G$. Successively, we investigate the
relations between $pd(G)$, the probability of commuting subgroups
$sd(G)$ of $G$ and the probability of commuting elements $d(G)$ of
$G$. Proving some inequalities between $sd(G)$ and $d(G)$, we
correlate these two notions.

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