Conditions for Approaching the Origin without Intersecting the x-axis in the Li´enard Plane

Asadollah Aghajani, Mohsen Mirafzal, Donal O'Regan


We consider the Li\'{e}nard system in the plane and present general assumptions to obtain some new explicit conditions under which this system has or fails to have a positive orbit which starts at a point on the vertical isocline and approaches the origin without intersecting the $x$-axis. This arises naturally in the existence of homoclinic orbits and oscillatory solutions. Our investigation is based on the notion of orthogonal trajectories of orbits of the system.

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